|Click on image
to view larger.
|Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report: Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States, 2014. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2014.
Diabetes is a disease that keeps your body from making or using insulin. Insulin helps turn the food you eat into energy your body needs. When you have diabetes, the process of changing food into energy does not work well. Sugar builds up in your blood. If blood sugar stays too high, it can slowly cause problems to your heart, kidneys, eyes and feet. In the United States, 28.9 million adults age 20 or over have diabetes – more than 12 of every 100, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, or CDC.
How does diabetes affect our community?
In Cuyahoga County alone, 11.4 percent of adults have been told they have diabetes.
Who is at risk for diabetes?
Diabetes is more common in some groups than others. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, people 20 years or older with diabetes, diabetes rates are highest for Puerto Ricans and lowest for non-Hispanic whites. Diabetes affects:
- 7.6% of Non-Hispanic whites
- 9.0% of Asian Americans
- 12.8% of Hispanics
- 13.2% of Non-Hispanic blacks
Two Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
People with Type 1 diabetes have a pancreas that doesn’t produce any insulin. They will depend on insulin treatment the rest of their lives.
Type 2 Diabetes
Most people who have diabetes have Type 2, the most common form. People with Type 2 diabetes have a pancreas that produces too little insulin or doesn’t use insulin effectively. Sometimes, insulin shots or other medication will be necessary.
When diabetes is not carefully managed by keeping the amount of sugar in the blood at the right level, the resulting high glucose amounts can harm nearly every organ system in the body. Diabetes is serious and must be treated to avoid serious complications, from sudden, urgent issues to those that develop slowly over the years. If poorly managed, diabetes can have a devastating impact on your life and your loved ones. Common complications include:
- Heart disease
- Vision loss and blindness
- Kidney failure
- Nerve damage